Other methods include fluorine dating, nitrogen dating, association with bones of extinct fauna, association with certain pollen profiles, association with geological features such as beaches, terraces and river meanders, and the establishment of cultural seriations.
Cultural seriations are based on typologies, in which artifacts that are numerous across a wide variety of sites and over time, like pottery or stone tools.
In social sciences there are many key concepts and terms that are crucial for students to know and understand.
Often it can be hard to determine what the most important social sciences concepts and terms are, and even once you’ve identified them you still need to understand what they mean.
The earliest-known hominids in East Africa are often found in very specific stratigraphic contexts that have implications for their relative dating.
Archaeological Dating Methods introduces students to many of the more common dating methods used or found in related literature.
For those researchers working in the field of human history, the chronology of events remains a major element of reflection.
These methods usually analyze physicochemical transformation phenomena whose rate are known or can be estimated relatively well.
This approach helps to order events chronologically but it does not provide the absolute age of an object expressed in years.
Relative dating includes different techniques, but the most commonly used are soil stratigraphy analysis and typology.
Prehistorians sometimes overestimate the accuracy and detail of frameworks based on historical evidence; in practice, early written sources may provide little more information than a scatter of radiocarbon dates.
The extent of documentation varied considerably in 'historical' cultures and the information that survives is determined by a variety of factors.