Therefore, no teacher shall have a sexual or amorous relationship with any undergraduate student, regardless of whether the teacher currently exercises or expects to have any pedagogical or supervisory responsibilities over that student.Teachers or students with questions about this policy are advised to consult with the University’s Title IX Coordinator, the Title IX school, or with the University-wide Committee on Sexual Misconduct.Since that statute was enacted in 2003, it has been a second-degree felony for any employee of any given school district to have sex with any student in that district, regardless of that student’s age.The exceptions are if the student and district employee are married before the sex begins, or if the couple has a pre-existing sexual relationship when the employee was hired by the school district and the younger of the two is seventeen or older.This is a strict liability crime and there is no need for the prosecutor to demonstrate any forcible compulsion on the part of the elder person.A conviction for this charge - sometimes referred to as "statutory rape" - carries serious potential jail sentences and mandatory registration as a sex offender.You asked whether other states, particularly in the Northeast, have enhanced criminal penalties or other provisions in their laws prohibiting consensual sex between an adult and a minor that apply specifically to cases involving a teacher and an elementary or secondary school student.
New Jerseys law, the adult must be in a position of authority over the victim and use this authority to coerce the victim submit to sexual penetration, although the law defines “coercion” broadly in this case. Pennsylvania prohibits consensual sex with a minor under 16 if the actor is at least four years older.News reports of high school teachers engaging in illicit acts with underage students are becoming almost routine and regular nowadays.The advent of modern smartphones, the prevalence of texting, Snapchat, and the rise of social media platforms have perhaps facilitated these problematic relationships.Finally, such situations may expose the University and the teacher to liability for violation of laws against sexual harassment and sex discrimination.Therefore, teachers (see below) must avoid sexual relationships with students over whom they have or might reasonably expect to have direct pedagogical or supervisory responsibilities, regardless of whether the relationship is consensual. Undergraduate students are particularly vulnerable to the unequal institutional power inherent in the teacher-student relationship and the potential for coercion, because of their age and relative lack of maturity.In North Carolina and Ohio, as in Connecticut, these provisions apply even if the student is 18 or older. 53a-71, a person is guilty of sexual assault in the second degree when he (1) engages in sexual intercourse with a minor who is 13, 14, or 15 and (2) is more than three years older than the minor.However, the crime also includes cases in which a school employee engages in sexual intercourse with a student enrolled in a school in which he works or a school under the jurisdiction of the local or regional school board that employs him.The penalties for the proscribed behavior vary widely by state. Rhode Island prohibits (1) consensual sex between a minor between 14 and 16 and a person who is 18 or older and (2) sexual contact or penetration with a minor under 14 under any circumstances.Other states, including Vermont, criminalize sexual acts with a person who is “entrusted to the actor's care by authority of law” (13 Vt. Among the states in other parts of the country with specific provisions dealing with teachers and students are Kansas, Maryland, North Carolina, Ohio, and Washington.The unequal institutional power inherent in this relationship heightens the vulnerability of the student and the potential for coercion.The pedagogical relationship between teacher and student must be protected from influences or activities that can interfere with learning and personal development.